Congratulations! You are on your journey to becoming a mother. This is a very important step in your life, and having a healthy start for you and your baby is essential. After the morning sickness, nausea, fatigue, and insomnia that never seem to end, it is all worth it.
To carry the baby for nine months, you must stay healthy and practice healthy practices. Your diet plays a significant role in the development of the baby. Additionally, you need to take your supplements religiously. So what are prenatal vitamins? They are supplements that expectant moms are expected to take before or during pregnancy to provide their bodies with enough vitamins and minerals.
In this read, we will be looking at some of the best prenatal vitamins that expecting moms should take. Read on.
1. Folic acid
The first and most important vitamin that expectant mothers need to take is folic acid. It helps in the growth of tissues and cells, especially those in the nervous system, such as the brain and spinal cord. It also repairs any damage done to these tissues and cells before birth. You can get it from green leafy vegetables, liver, dried beans, orange juice and oatmeal.
Folic acid is especially important during the early stages of pregnancy to prevent neural tube defects, including spinal Bifida. The recommended dosage for expectant moms is 400 micrograms per day.
Calcium is very important during your pregnancy. It contributes to the formation of bones and teeth in the baby; it also helps prevent pre-eclampsia, which causes hypertension. Calcium deficiency also leads to muscle cramps and insomnia among pregnant women. You need at least 1000 milligrams of calcium per day while pregnant.
Among the most important prenatal supplements, iron plays a vital role in developing red blood cells, which help in transporting oxygen all around your body, including to your growing fetus. Daily, you need at least 27 milligrams of iron during pregnancy, particularly during the second and third trimesters when the baby starts requiring more from you. Every expecting mom needs iron, especially if they have anemia or low red blood cell count, because iron contributes to making more red blood cells. But it should be noted that too much iron can cause heart damage, so taking supplements with lower doses may be needed for some moms, depending on their medical conditions.
Iodine is also considered one of the vital supplements that every mom should take, especially if your prenatal vitamin does not have enough iodine. Pregnant women are always recommended to take 150 micrograms each day.
5. Omega-3 fatty acids
Omega 3 fatty acids are good for you and the baby because they help prevent pre-term birth, postpartum depression, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, etcetera. If your prenatal vitamin does not contain this supplement, it will be a good idea to look for a supplement with 500 milligrams of omega-3 fatty acids.
6. Vitamin D
Another vitamin that you should consider adding to your daily supplement intake is vitamin D. This vitamin helps in the absorption of calcium and strengthening bones which is important during pregnancy. Your prenatal vitamin may already have enough Vitamin D, but if it does not, then you can add a separate one with around 1000 IU per day.
Zinc helps develop a strong immunity to protect both mother and baby from different infections during pregnancy. It also contributes to the proper growth and development of the baby’s tissues and organs. It is recommended that you take around 11 milligrams per day.
Expectant mothers may also be required to go through vitamin therapy which is the individualization of specific nutrients based on certain requirements. This will be done by adding or changing your daily supplement intake to include more vitamins that are required for your body type and medical conditions.